Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)— the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979 in what many observers note a politically motivated charges of murder. His eldest daughter, Benazir Bhutto, would also serve as Prime minister, while his son Murtaza Bhutto, served as member of Parliament of Pakistan.

Educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, Bhutto was noted for his progressive economic initiatives, industrialization, education, energy and foreign policy, and his intellectualism. In addition to national security issues, Bhutto promoted his policies on the nationalization, health care, and social reforms. Under his premiership, Pakistan’s Parliament gave approval and passed unanimously the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, a supreme law that provides a parliamentary system to Pakistan, strengthened the Sino-Pak and Saudi-Pak relations, recognition of East-Pakistan as Bangladesh, and hosted the second Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in 1974 where he delegated and invited leaders from the Muslim world to Lahore, Punjab Province of Pakistan. In July 1972, Bhutto successfully proceeded the Shimla treaty, signed with Indira Gandhi of India, brought 93,000 Prisoners of War back to Pakistan, and secured 5,000 sq mi (13,000 km2) held by India. In January 20 of 1972, weeks after the Indo-Pakistani 1971 winter war, Bhutto orchestrated, authorized, and administrated the scientific research on nuclear weapons; for this, he is colloquially known in the world as “Father of the Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent programme”.

A serious secessionist and rebellious conflict occurred in Balochistan province in 1973, calling for independence from Pakistan. In response, Bhutto ordered Pakistan Armed Forces an armed action, which was quelled by the Pakistan Armed Forces successfully in 1978. Bhutto and his party won the parliamentary elections held in 1977. However, in a successful coup d’état led by General Zia-ul-Haq under codename Operation Fair Play; Bhutto was removed from the office and was held in Central Jail Rawalpindi (CJR) as General Zia-ul-Haq proclaimed himself as Chief Martial Law Administrator of Pakistan. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was executed in 1979 after the Supreme Court of Pakistan controversially sentenced him to death for authorizing the murder of a political opponent, in a move that many believe was done under the directives of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Bhuttos in News

Pakistan court acquits Musharraf of Nawab Akbar Bugti’s killing 18 Jan 2016

Quetta (Pakistan) – A Pakistani court Monday acquitted former military ruler Pervez Musharraf over the 2006 killing of a Baloch rebel leader, one of three legal cases he faced after returning from exile, lawyers said. The decision Monday...

NAP should be implemented in letter and spirit: Bilawal 30 Dec 2015

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party has stressed that National Action Plan should also be implemented in letter and spirit in Gilgit-Baltistan as well as it a national plan to eliminate terrorism from all over the coun...

Marrying under age girl is social crime: Shah Muhammad 12 Jun 2015

The Women Development Department’s Director, Shah Muhammad Shah, said on Friday that it is a social crime to marry an underage girl as Sindh Assembly had passed a law against it. “Any person can lodge a report at the relevant police stat...

Key Investigative officer in Ayyan’s case gunned down ahead of evidences’ dis... 3 Jun 2015

A key investigative officer in the Ayyan Ali’s money laundering case has been killed, local media reported on Wednesday. It was reported that the officer has found some strong evidences which were to be presented in court. In Qasimabad, ...

Bilawal Bhutto returns to Pakistan after 7 months 1 Jun 2015

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari; the heir to one of the most powerful political parties of Pakistan is all set to return to Pakistan on Monday. There has been several rumours that encircled the personality and the most recent was of the disagreem...

Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Intercity Bus Project launched in Sindh 24 May 2015

The Sindh government has launched the Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Intercity Bus Project with a cost of Rs 02 billion. Initially, 50 buses will run between Karachi and five other cities of the province. According to a spokesman of Sindh Govern...

Electricity bill default on rise in Larkana 20 May 2015

Default of electricity bill is on the rise in district Larkana and not only private persons but the government institutions have also to pay heavy outstanding electricity bills. SEPCO sources said even the Bhutto Mausoleum has to clear h...

Flood affectees hold demo against displacement 17 May 2015

Flood affectees of 2010, who have been temporary accommodated in flats of labors at Gulshan-e-Mayamar, Karachi held a protest demonstration outside the Karachi Press Club Saturday against vacating of the flats and condemned the remarks o...

Safoora/Karachi Bus firing tragedy widely condemned 13 May 2015

The political and social leaders of various parties and civil society on Wednesday strongly condemned Safoora Chowrangi firing incident in which at least 44 people were killed and 10 others injured. A passenger bus of Ismailia community ...

45 Shiites killed as gunmen attack bus in Karachi 13 May 2015

Updated: At least 45 people, including women, were killed and over 13 others injured when armed men opened indiscriminate fire on a bus carrying Ismaeli community people near Safora Goth here on Wednesday morning. A gang of unidentified ...