Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)— the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979 in what many observers note a politically motivated charges of murder. His eldest daughter, Benazir Bhutto, would also serve as Prime minister, while his son Murtaza Bhutto, served as member of Parliament of Pakistan.

Educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, Bhutto was noted for his progressive economic initiatives, industrialization, education, energy and foreign policy, and his intellectualism. In addition to national security issues, Bhutto promoted his policies on the nationalization, health care, and social reforms. Under his premiership, Pakistan’s Parliament gave approval and passed unanimously the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, a supreme law that provides a parliamentary system to Pakistan, strengthened the Sino-Pak and Saudi-Pak relations, recognition of East-Pakistan as Bangladesh, and hosted the second Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in 1974 where he delegated and invited leaders from the Muslim world to Lahore, Punjab Province of Pakistan. In July 1972, Bhutto successfully proceeded the Shimla treaty, signed with Indira Gandhi of India, brought 93,000 Prisoners of War back to Pakistan, and secured 5,000 sq mi (13,000 km2) held by India. In January 20 of 1972, weeks after the Indo-Pakistani 1971 winter war, Bhutto orchestrated, authorized, and administrated the scientific research on nuclear weapons; for this, he is colloquially known in the world as “Father of the Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent programme”.

A serious secessionist and rebellious conflict occurred in Balochistan province in 1973, calling for independence from Pakistan. In response, Bhutto ordered Pakistan Armed Forces an armed action, which was quelled by the Pakistan Armed Forces successfully in 1978. Bhutto and his party won the parliamentary elections held in 1977. However, in a successful coup d’état led by General Zia-ul-Haq under codename Operation Fair Play; Bhutto was removed from the office and was held in Central Jail Rawalpindi (CJR) as General Zia-ul-Haq proclaimed himself as Chief Martial Law Administrator of Pakistan. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was executed in 1979 after the Supreme Court of Pakistan controversially sentenced him to death for authorizing the murder of a political opponent, in a move that many believe was done under the directives of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Bhuttos in News

Safdar Abbasi announces ‘worker convention’ in Karachi 20 Jan 2016

Pakistan Peoples’ Party Workers (PPPW) president Safdar Abbasi said that they will start struggle for restoration of the real Pakistan Peoples’ Party as per the vision of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto from Karachi on 24th January at Karachi Pre...

Bilawal denounces Bacha Khan university attack 20 Jan 2016

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party on Wednesday strongly condemned terrorists attack on Bacha Khan University in Charsadda and loss of innocent lives of faculty and students there. In a press statement issued here, PP...

Pakistan court acquits Musharraf of Nawab Akbar Bugti’s killing 18 Jan 2016

Quetta (Pakistan) – A Pakistani court Monday acquitted former military ruler Pervez Musharraf over the 2006 killing of a Baloch rebel leader, one of three legal cases he faced after returning from exile, lawyers said. The decision Monday...

NAP should be implemented in letter and spirit: Bilawal 30 Dec 2015

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party has stressed that National Action Plan should also be implemented in letter and spirit in Gilgit-Baltistan as well as it a national plan to eliminate terrorism from all over the coun...

Larkana not personal estate of rulers: LAI 15 Jun 2015

Larkano Awami Ittehad (LAI), formed to face PPPP in the coming local bodies elections 2015 started their political activities with a dinner hosted by former Taluka Nazim Qurban Ali Abbasi and Badaruddin Abbasi. LAI convener Haji Munwar A...

Sindh budget: KCR, 5 bus transit, 2 metro rail transit systems promised for city 13 Jun 2015

Sindh budget for the year 2015-16, here Thursday promised revival of the Karachi Circular Railway (KCR) besides 5 bus transit, 2 metro rail transit for the mega city Karachi. Sindh finance minister Syed Murad Ali Shah (PPPP) in his budge...

Larkana district’s new delimitation lists displayed 12 Jun 2015

The new delimitation lists of entire Larkana district for holding local bodies’ election 2015, expected to be held in September, have been displayed outside District Election Commission Office, here on Friday. According to these lists, L...

Marrying under age girl is social crime: Shah Muhammad 12 Jun 2015

The Women Development Department’s Director, Shah Muhammad Shah, said on Friday that it is a social crime to marry an underage girl as Sindh Assembly had passed a law against it. “Any person can lodge a report at the relevant police stat...

Bilawal and Zardari strongly condemned Hazaras killing in Quetta 8 Jun 2015

Former President Co-Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party Asif Ali Zardari has strongly condemned the barbaric and brutal attack on a market in Quetta Sunday evening killing five persons of Hazara community. Police declared it a case of target...

Key Investigative officer in Ayyan’s case gunned down ahead of evidences’ dis... 3 Jun 2015

A key investigative officer in the Ayyan Ali’s money laundering case has been killed, local media reported on Wednesday. It was reported that the officer has found some strong evidences which were to be presented in court. In Qasimabad, ...